# Prospects to use levitated optomechanics to test quantum mechanics and gravity

Date:

Tuesday, May 17, 2016

Room:

Euler lecture Hall

Speaker:

Hendrik Ulbricht (University of Southampton, U.K)

Abstract:

We will discuss ideas to experimentally test collapse models [1] by both matter-wave
interferometry [2] and non-interferometric methods [3]. Testing collapse models intrinsically also
means to test the quantum superposition principle. Collapse models predict a heating effect, which
results in a Brownian-like random motion of any isolated particle in space. We will emphasise levitated
optomechanical systems and discuss the possibility to test the heating effect by detecting the motion of
the particle in position space [4], as well as in the frequency domain where the collapse heating effect
is theoretical treated as noise in a Langevin type approach and predicted to manifest itself as an increase
of the area of the related power spectral density [3]. We shall also explain if gravitation decoherence
has strong prospects to be tested with levitated optomechanical systems.
We will further discuss some recent ideas to probe the interplay between quantum mechanics and
gravitation. One idea is to try to directly test if gravity is quantum or classical, while a second is to test
an effect which is predicted for semi-classical gravity (Schrö dinger-Newton equation)[5], which would
allow to experimentally test whether that semi-classical approach is valid or not.
We shall also give an update on trapping and cooling experiments of levitated optomechanics at
Southampton in order to explore the experimental feasibility of tests of quantum mechanics and
gravitation [6]. The overarching goal of our attempts is to build a complete toolbox to generate and
manipulate Gaussian but also non-Gaussian states, such as a spatial superposition state, of the motion
of nano- and micro-particles in order to realise all possible states of the motional dynamics in phase
space. This to be done for massive nanoparticles and the systematic investigation of noises will further
the prospects for sensing applications of levitated optomechanics too.

References:

[1] Bassi, A., K. Lochan, S. Satin, T.P. Singh, and H. Ulbricht, Rev. Mod. Phys. 85, 471 - 527 (2013),
[2] Bateman, J., S. Nimmrichter, K. Hornberger, and H. Ulbricht, Nat. Com. 5, 4788 (2014), Wan, C.,et al
ArXiv:1511.02738 (2015).
[3] Bahrami, M., M. Paternostro, A. Bassi, and H. Ulbricht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 210404 (2014).
[4] Bera, S., B. Motwani, T.P. Singh, and H. Ulbricht, Sci. Rep. 5, 7664 (2015).
[5] Grossardt, A., J. Bateman, H. Ulbricht, and A. Bassi, arXiv:1510.01696 (2015).
[6] Vovrosh, J., M. Rashid, D. Hempston, J. Bateman, and H. Ulbricht, ArXiv:1603.02917 (2016).